2023 Pool Heating Costs | Installation prices for gas, electricity and heat pumps (2023)

Pool Heater Cost

A pool heater costsUS$ 1.600 a US$ 5.200installed on average, depending on the type, size and whether the pool is in-ground or above-ground. Prices for new pool heaters are$ 1.000 a $ 4.000 +for the unit, more$ 500 a $ 1.500for installation or replacement labor.

2023 Pool Heating Costs | Installation prices for gas, electricity and heat pumps (1)

Pool Heater Cost
heater typeaverage installed cost
natural gas / propaneUS$ 1.500 – US$ 4.500
electrical resistance$ 1.200 - $ 6.000
heat pump$ 2.000 - $ 6.000
SolarUS$ 2.500 – US$ 6.500
  • Running a heated pool costs$100 to $500 per monthon average, depending on the type.
  • A sturdy pool heater10 to 12 yearsaverage.

table of contents

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  1. Pool Heater Cost
  2. Average cost to install or replace a pool heater
  3. Pool heater installation cost by type
    • propane or gas
    • heat pump
    • Solar
    • electrical resistance
  4. Pool heater replacement cost factors
    • Pool Heater Prices by Size
    • Gas line installation
    • Plumbing and electrical wiring
    • Above ground pool heater
    • Inexpensive pool heating options
  5. Cost to operate a pool heater
  6. Common questions
    • Can it be added to an existing group?
    • How long does it take to install?
    • Can I install it myself?
    • How long does it last?
  7. Finding and Hiring a Pool Heater Installer
  8. Questions to be asked
  9. Pool repair near me

Average cost to install or replace a pool heater

The table below shows the average cost to install or replace a pool heater.

2023 Pool Heating Costs | Installation prices for gas, electricity and heat pumps (2)

Average cost to install or replace a pool heater
Nationalaverage cost$ 3.300
Minimum cost$ 1.000
maximum cost$ 11.000
mid cost range$ 1.600a$ 5.200

Cost data comes from research and project costs reported by HomeGuide members.

Find the best pool heater installers in your city.see advantages

Pool heater installation cost by type

Pool heater installation cost by type
heater typeUnit pricelabortotal installed cost
natural gas/propane$ 1.000 - $ 3.000US$ 500 – US$ 1.500US$ 1.500 – US$ 4.500
electrical resistanceUS$ 700 – US$ 5.000US$ 500 – US$ 1.000$ 1.200 - $ 6.000
heat pump$ 1.500 - $ 5.000US$ 500 – US$ 1.000$ 2.000 - $ 6.000
Solar$ 2.000 - $ 5.000US$ 500 – US$ 1.500US$ 2.500 – US$ 6.500

2023 Pool Heating Costs | Installation prices for gas, electricity and heat pumps (3)

Gas or Propane Pool Heater Cost

A gas pool heater costsUS$ 1.500 a US$ 4.500with installation orUS$ 1.000 a US$ 3.000just for the unit. Gas pool heaters heat water quickly and work at any air temperature, but they are the least energy and cost efficient.$200 to $500+ per monthto function and have the shortest service life.

Gas heaters burn natural gas or propane in a combustion chamber to heat water as it passes through a series of copper coils.

Take care to vent a gas pool heater as far away from the pool as possible. Gas vapors build up and settle in pool water, creating a dangerous hazard for swimmers.

2023 Pool Heating Costs | Installation prices for gas, electricity and heat pumps (4)

pool heat pump price

A pool heat pump costsUS$ 2.000 a US$ 6.000with installation orUS$ 1.500 a US$ 5.000just for the unit, depending on the size. Heat pumps are more energy efficient and cheaper$50 to $150 per monthit will work, but it will take longer to heat the water.

Heat pump pool heaters extract heat from the air and transfer it to the water.

solar pool heater price

Asolar pool heater cost US$ 2.500 a US$ 6.500with installation orUS$ 2.000 a US$ 5.000only for the system, depending on the size and number of collectors. A solar pool heater uses the sun's thermal energy to heat water as it circulates through tubes inside roof-mounted collectors.

A solar pool heater pump uses electricity to circulate heated water, which costs$10 to $25 per month.

Some states offer discounts for solar pool heaters installed by a licensed professional.

Pool Heater Cost by Electrical Resistance

An electric pool heater costsUS$ 1.200 a US$ 6.000with installation orUS$ 700 a US$ 5.000just for the unit. Electric resistance heaters use a large amount of electricity, which costs$175 to $600 per month, making them best suited for spas and small therapy pools.

Electric heaters use an electric current to heat water as it moves over a resistance coil.

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Pool heater replacement cost factors

  • Pool size and heater size– Large pools or houses in cold climates require a larger pool heater, which increases costs.
  • Above ground pool vs. in-ground pool– An in-ground pool usually needs a larger heater than an above-ground pool.
  • location and climate– Gas heaters are more popular in northern regions, while solar heaters are suitable for sunny climates.
  • laborpool heater installation costs$ 500 a $ 1.500, depending on the type of heater.
  • permissions– Installing roof collectors for a solar pool heater or installing a new gas line for a gas pool heater requires a permit.
  • remove old heatercostsUS$ 25 a US$ 50and is normally included in the installation estimate.
  • salt water poolsuse the same gas, heat pump, or solar pool heater that a chlorine or bromine pool uses.

Get free quotes from pool heater installers near you.see advantages

Pool Heater Prices by Size

The recommended minimum pool heater size is50,000 BTUs for every 5,000 to 10,000 gallons of waterfor temperate climates and double for cold climates. Select a larger size for gas pool heaters or if your desired water temperature is higher than average.

Pool Heater Prices by Size
Pool area (square feet)Volume (gallons)Heater Size (BTU)Average unit price*
up to 3001.000 - 10.00050.000 – 106.000US$ 1.300 – US$ 2.200
301 – 50010.000 – 20.000106.001 – 250.000US$ 1.800 – US$ 3.200
501 – 80020.000 – 40.000250.001 – 400.000US$ 2.300 – US$ 3.600
801 – 120040.000 – 80.000400.000+$ 3.000 - $ 5.000

*Does not include installation.

Avoid buying a heater that is too small to heat the pool efficiently. The pool will take longer to heat up and the heater will be forced to work harder, leading to more wear and tear or premature system failure.

Pool Heater Gas Line Cost

Operating a gas line costs $12 to $25 per linear footfor a pool heater, including labor, materials and permits. Total costs depend on distance from main gas line to pool heater. Longer distances may require a larger diameter line, increasing cost.

Pool heater plumbing and electrical wiring costs

Pool heater installation may incur additional plumbing and electrical costs depending on the type of heater and current plumbing setup:

  • Plumbing piping installation costs US$ 300 a US$ 600to connect the pool heater to the existing water line.
  • Installing an electrical circuit costsUS$ 300 a US$ 750on average, including a new outlet for the pool heater.

Above Ground Pool Heater Cost

High costs of a pool heaterUS$ 1.300 a US$ 2.400on average with the installation. Above ground pools are typically smaller than in-ground pools and require a smaller heat pump or gas heater.

Inexpensive pool heating options

Other ways to reduce pool heating costs:

  • Pool cover installation costs $ 75 a $ 3.000 +, depending on the type, material and whether it is manual or mechanized.
  • cost of solar blankets$ 50 a $ 400depending on size and shape. A solar blanket is a large plastic pool cover with built-in thermal bubbles that capture and retain heat while reducing evaporation.
  • cost of solar pool ringsUS$ 35 a US$ 50 cadao$170 to $200 for a pack of 6. The surround of a solar pool is a 5' round floating cover that focuses sunlight on the water and minimizes evaporative heat loss. Several solar rings are required, depending on the size of the pool.
  • Pool cover installation costs US$ 4.000 a US$ 14.000on average, depending on pool size and cover type. Cost of High Quality Glass or Polycarbonate Pool Enclosures$ 10.000 a $ 50.000.

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Cost to operate a pool heater

A pool heater costs$200 to $500 per monthto run on natural gas or electrical systems. A heated pool costs$50 to $150 per monthusing a heat pump and$10 to $25 per monthfor solar energy Operating costs depend on heater size, type, climate, desired water temperature and utility fees.

Cost to operate a pool heater
heater typecost per monthCost per year*
natural gas$ 200 - $ 500US$ 1.600 – US$ 4.000
PropaneUS$ 250 – US$ 1.000$ 2.000 - $ 8.000
electrical resistance$ 175 - $ 600US$ 1.400 – US$ 4.800
heat pump$ 50 - $ 150US$ 400 – US$ 1.200
Solar$ 10 - $ 25$ 80 - $ 200

*For a bathing season of 8 months.

  • Gas heaters are the most efficient for heating the pool for short periods of time, making them ideal for homeowners who use the pool only on weekends or infrequently.
  • Electric resistance heaters and heat pumps must be running at all times.
  • Heat pumps offer more cost savings for homeowners who use their pool frequently.
  • A solar pool heater pump uses electricity to circulate heated water.

Common questions

Is it possible to add a heater to an existing pool?

Yes, you can add a heater to an existing pool. Retrofitting a pool heater usually requires cutting pipes to connect the heater to the pool's water circulation system.

How long does it take to install a pool heater?

Installing a pool heater requires1 to 2 dayson average, depending on the type of heater and whether the installation requires a new gas line or electrical circuit. Add two days if the heating unit needs to be mounted in concrete.

Can I install a pool heater myself?

Installing your own pool heater saves$ 500 a $ 1.500in labor costs and is a simple DIY project if the gas or electricity hookups are already in place. Hire a professional to install a new gas heater or heat pump. Most states require a licensed contractor to install gas appliances.

DIY solar pool heater installations are oftennoeligible for tax breaks or rebates.

How long does a pool heater last?

A sturdy pool heater10 to 12 yearson average, depending on heater type, usage and climate. Gas pool heaters typically have the shortest lifespan at 7 to 8 years, while heat pumps and solar heaters can last up to 15 years.

How does a heated pool work?

A pool heater extracts cold water from the pool and circulates it through a heating tank before returning warm water to the pool. Pool heaters work on vinyl, fiberglass, and concrete pools to keep the water at a constant, comfortable temperature, even when it's cold outside.

The USA. The Water Fitness Association recommends a water temperature of78° a 82°Ffor recreational swimming and at least84°FFor children under five or elderly people with arthritis.

Does a gas pool heater need electricity?

A continuous pilot gas pool heater, also called a millivolt ignition system, requires no electricity. Some areas require gas heaters to have an intermittent ignition system, which requires electricity to light the pilot light when needed.

Still have doubts? Ask a professional.see advantages

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Finding and Hiring a Pool Heater Installer

Before hiring apool installer near you, be sure to:

  • Get at least three estimates to compare.
  • Look for licensed contractors with experience installing pool heaters.
  • Choose installers certified by the Association of Pool & Spa Professionals (APSP).
  • Explore your reviews on HomeGuide and Google.
  • Select companies that are insured, bonded and have been in business for more than five years.
  • When comparing quotes, confirm that they include equipment of the same size and quality.
  • Avoid selecting the lowest quote as the quality may be affected.
  • Obtain a detailed estimate, contract and written warranty before work begins.
  • Never pay in full before installation begins. Use a pay plan for completed work.

Questions to be asked

  • Are you licensed, bonded and insured?
  • How many pool heaters have you installed?
  • Do you recommend a gas, heat pump or solar water heater for my pool and why?
  • Which pool heater brand do you recommend?
  • What size BTU heater is best for my pool?
  • How warm should I keep my pool?
  • How much longer of the swimming season can I expect after installing the heater?
  • Are there discounts available?
  • How long does the warranty last and what does it include?
  • How long will the installation take?
  • How long does it take to heat my pool?
  • What kind of maintenance will the pool heater require?
  • Do you offer a pool heater heat exchanger cleaning service?
  • Do I need to winterize the pool heater?
  • Do I still need to use a pool cover?
  • Can you provide references from past clients?

Get free HomeGuide estimates from trusted professionals:

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2023 Pool Heating Costs | Installation prices for gas, electricity and heat pumps? ›

Heat pump pool heaters cost more than gas pool heaters, but they typically have much lower annual operating costs because of their higher efficiencies. With proper maintenance, heat pump pool heaters typically last longer than gas pool heaters. Therefore, you'll save more money in the long run.

Is it cheaper to heat a pool with gas or heat pump? ›

Heat pump pool heaters cost more than gas pool heaters, but they typically have much lower annual operating costs because of their higher efficiencies. With proper maintenance, heat pump pool heaters typically last longer than gas pool heaters. Therefore, you'll save more money in the long run.

Is it cheaper to heat a pool with gas or electric? ›

The size of your pool also matters, with larger pools costing more to heat than smaller ones. On average, however, a gas heater costs around $200 to $400 a month to run. Electric heat pumps cost less, coming in at about $100 to $200 a month.

How much does a heat pump pool heater cost? ›

Compare Costs
Solar PanelsHeat Pump
Average Unit Cost including installation to the pool plumbing$4,000 to $9,000$3,500- $6,500
Energy Source Connection Costs$0$1,000-$3,000
Total average Upfront Installation Costs$6,500$4,000
Annual Operating Costs*$0$1,200
8 more rows

Do pool heat pumps use a lot of electricity? ›

Heat pumps will use around 5,000 watts or 5 kilowatts per hour per 100,000 BTU's. For a typical size 100,000 BTU heat pump, that's 5 kilowatts per hour.

What is the most energy efficient way to heat a pool? ›

If you want an energy-efficient way to heat your pool, consider using a heat pump pool heater in mild climates. Solar water heaters are cost competitive with other types of water heaters and have low annual operating costs.

What are the pros and cons of electric vs gas pool heater? ›

By nature, gas heaters have a greater environmental impact than electric ones. However, electric heaters take longer to warm up your pool water and are less efficient in very cold temperatures. This is because they rely on outside heat to warm up the pool water.

Which is better a pool heater or a heat pump? ›

Electric pool heaters typically cost less than heat pumps, although they can cost up to five times more than a heat pump to operate. Electric pool heaters are compact and simple to operate, although heat pumps provide higher efficiencies and much lower annual operating costs to maintain a constant temperature.

How many hours a day do you run a pool heat pump? ›

The rule of thumb for pool maintenance is to run your pump for eight hours per day. That's the short answer, but it isn't always accurate. Other factors might shift this number. That means even if you do run your pump for eight hours a day, you could still be needlessly losing money.

What is the lifespan of a pool heat pump? ›

With proper installation and maintenance, a heat pump will generally have a lifespan of about ten years, though many have lasted longer.

At what temperature does a pool heat pump stop working? ›

Most heat pumps shut down when the outside temperatures go down below 55° degrees, some can continue to operate down to the mid to low 40's, and some can operate in temperatures of mid to low 20's.

Should I leave my pool heat pump on all the time? ›

You may be surprised! Unlike gas heaters, heat pumps are most efficient when they are run for long periods of time and when they are run often. This is because they heat very slowly but maintain temperatures very well.

What is the most economical way to run a pool heat pump? ›

The best way to do this is by adjusting the settings in your filtration system to operate during the warmest time of the day. This will be a cost-efficient way to heat your pool since your heat pump will only operate when it has waterflow, mainly supplied by the filtration system.

What temperature should I heat my pool in the winter? ›

The water temperature you desire for your swimming pool not only affects the size of the pool's heater, but also your heating costs if use a gas or heat pump pool heater. Pool water temperatures typically range from 78ºF to 82ºF. The American Red Cross recommends a temperature of 78ºF for competitive swimming.

How quickly does a pool lose heat? ›

Every gallon of water that evaporates from a pool takes with it 6000 BTU's of heat in the process, and a typical uncovered pool loses 1 to 1½ inches of water a week through evaporation. For a 20 by 40 foot pool, an inch of water amounts to 500 gallons—roughly, a heat loss of more than 30 therms every seven days.

How long does it take to heat an inground pool? ›

It depends on a few things to determine how long it takes a heat pump to heat a pool. However, overall a heat pump generally heats a pool after 24 to 72 hours by 20-degrees Fahrenheit. For smaller pools like a spa pool, the heat pump can heat a pool between 45 and 60 minutes.

Is solar pool heating worth it? ›

You can significantly reduce swimming pool heating costs by installing a solar pool heater. They're cost competitive with both gas and heat pump pool heaters, and they have very low annual operating costs. Actually, solar pool heating is one of the most cost-effective use of solar energy in some climates.

Which pool heating is best? ›


Solar pool heating is by far the most popular, efficient, and cost-effective way of heating an outdoor swimming pool. Solar is available when the weather is warm, and the sun is shining – the ideal climate for swimming.

What is ideal pool heat? ›

Despite this, the average pool temperature, which is said to be ideal for all, is between 77-82°F. These temperatures are low enough to prevent bacteria from growing, but also warm enough to take the chill off.

What is the black hose trick? ›

The black hose trick is just one of many ways solar is used to help heat a pool. Often a coil of black plastic tubing is either laid out on a deck, a roof or a patio cover, or even buried in the pool decking. The sun heats the tubing and water flowing through it. The resulting warm water helps heat the pool.

Are newer pool heaters more efficient? ›

Gas-fired pool heaters remain the most popular system for heating pools. Today you can find new gas-fired heater models with much higher efficiencies than older models. However, depending on your climate and pool use, they may not be the most cost-effective option when compared to heat pump and solar pool heaters.

Do pool heaters use a lot of gas? ›

Here's why: the average propane pool heater burns about 1 gallon of propane per hour per 100,000 Btus. Since a propane pool heater for a standard-sized pool (~21,000 gallons) outputs 400,000 Btus, you will burn about four gallons of propane per hour.

Should I get an electric pool heater? ›

If you want to get as much time as possible out of your pool, however, a heater is a good investment. With a pool heater, you can easily be swimming May through mid-October, giving you a good five months of use out of your pool. That's literally double the amount of time you'd get without one.

What is best brand of a pool heat pump? ›

Which heat pump brand is the best?
  • Gulfstream Pool Heat Pumps.
  • AquaCal Pool Heat Pumps.
  • Heat Siphon Pool Heat Pumps.
  • Hayward Pool Heat Pumps.
  • Jandy Pool Heat Pumps.
  • Pentair Pool Heat Pumps.
  • Raypak Pool Heat Pumps.
  • Waterco Pool Heat Pumps.

What size pool heater for 25 000 gallons? ›

Heat Pump Sizing Chart - Inground Pools
Pool Size (Feet)Summer 4 BTU'sSpring & Fall 5 BTU's
Up To 15,000 Gallons 14' x 28'85,000 BTU85,000 BTU
Up To 20,000 Gallons 16' x 32'85,000 BTU110,000 BTU
Up To 25,000 Gallons 18' x 36'110,000 BTU125,000 BTU
Up To 30,000 Gallons 20' x 40'125,000 BTU150,000 BTU
1 more row

Are heat pump pool heaters noisy? ›

Myth: Pool heat pumps are too noisy

But not all pool heat pumps are created equally, which means they're not all noisy either. Well-maintained pool heat pumps will produce just enough noise to let you know they're running, without being a nuisance.

Does a dirty pool filter use more electricity? ›

Although sand and D.E. filters function more effectively as dirt accumulates, a dirty filter can increase the pump's workload. In fact, the difference between a clean and dirty filter can nearly double the pump's energy use.

How can I lower my pool pump energy bill? ›

6 Ways to Reduce Pool Energy Costs
  1. Invest in a variable-speed pool pump. ...
  2. Cover your pool. ...
  3. Skim regularly. ...
  4. Clean strainer baskets and filters regularly. ...
  5. Reduce the pump's run time. ...
  6. Avoid running the pump during “on-peak” hours.
Aug 8, 2022

Are pools worth the expense? ›

A pool can increase not only your social worth but also the value of your home. However, the increase is probably not as much as you think. According to HouseLogic, there's no real guarantee that you'll make your money back. In fact, adding a swimming pool may only increase your home's value by 7%.

Is it OK to run pool pump 24 hours a day? ›

As much as you can

If your question is “How often should I run my pump to keep the pool at its best?” the answer would be 24/7 for as much of the year as the pool is in operation.

Is it better to run pool pump at night or day? ›

The best time to run your pool pump is during the warmest hour of the day; however, keep in mind that this means you will have higher energy consumption, which may lead to an increase in your electric bill. If you want to save on your energy costs, you can run your pool pump at night to avoid peak hours.

Can I leave my pool heater on when the pump is off? ›

You will not harm your unit whether you leave it on or not. When the heat pump is turned off by the controls or because the water temperature is at or above the desired heat setting, the only power the unit consumes is the minute amount needed to power the control unit and display.

Do pool heat pumps cause pools to lose water? ›

Heated pools do result in more evaporation, so more make-up water is required to refill heated pools than unheated pools. Whether using solar heating, heat pumps, or gas heaters, heated pools do require more water.

What is the minimum temperature for a pool heat pump? ›

Most Heat Pumps will work if the temperature dips below 60, but will automatically shut off if the temperature reaches 45 – 50 degrees Fahrenheit. By shutting off automatically, Heat Pumps prevent damage that can occur when the air gets too cold.

How long to run a pool pump in 100 degree weather? ›

Here is a simple rule of thumb for pools with single speed pumps during the swim season when the temperatures and swimmer volume are both high: Run the circulation system one (1) hour for every 10°F of air temperature. Example: If it is 100°F, the pump should run 10 hours a day minimum.

Should I cover my pool heater in the winter? ›

While it's not always necessary with today's winterized pool equipment, covering your pool heater is still a good idea. Placing a barrier between your heater and the snow, ice, sleet, and hail that are sure to fall over the winter months helps to minimize the damage caused by these adverse weather events.

What heats a pool faster gas or electric? ›

By nature, gas heaters have a greater environmental impact than electric ones. However, electric heaters take longer to warm up your pool water and are less efficient in very cold temperatures. This is because they rely on outside heat to warm up the pool water.

What is the cheapest and best way to heat an above ground pool? ›

Solar. Solar power is one of the cheapest ways to heat your pool. This includes “inline” attachments which replace a section of piping to make the water travel through a section of material designed to capture heat from the sun and also bubble covers, which do the same but lay on top of your pool.

What are the advantages of a gas pool heater? ›

A gas pool heater performs well at just about any temperature. It also heats water three to five times more rapidly. Powerful gas units are available, so it's feasible to warm up pools that contain over 25,000 gallons of water. Gas pool heaters have significantly lower upfront costs.


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